In preparation for its participation in the intergovernmental negotiations for the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) the Government through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs collaborated with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to convene a National Consultative Meeting on the GCM on 4th February 2018. The meeting provided a forum for government agencies, civil society organisations and other stakeholders to give recommendations that would contribute to Guyana’s input during the final phase in the process towards the adoption of the GCM.
Hon. Carl Greenidge, Vice President and Minister of Foreign Affairs provided an in-depth assessment of the value of Guyana’s involvement in the process. He articulated Guyana’s commitment to contributing to the negotiations on the GCM. Remarks were also given by Mr. Robert Natiello, the Regional Coordination Officer for the Caribbean and Chief of Mission of the IOM in Guyana and Mr. Michael Brotherson, the Head of the Diaspora Unit, Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Perspectives on the process to date and the importance and necessity of a Global Compact on Migration were highlighted.
During the break-out sessions participants engaged in a review of the six (6) thematic areas of the GCM and discussed the challenges Guyana faces in relation to these areas. Participants also posited recommendations towards actionable commitments that could be included in the GCM.
The Global Compact on Migration (GCM) is designed to address migration worldwide considering all dimensions of the migration process. These include the human rights of migrants, climate change and migration, as well as the economic development and the humanitarian dimensions of migration taking into account the priorities, perspectives, experiences and points of view of governments and other relevant actors in all regions of the world.
IOM aspires to make the GCM a definitive instrument to achieve four transcendental objectives: protect the life, integrity, dignity and rights of migrants, from their departure from their country until their arrival in the country of destination or their return to their own country; facilitate safe, orderly and regular migration by generating more and better channels and opportunities to migrate regularly; reduce the incidence and negative impacts of forced migration and irregular migration; and address the impacts of mobility caused by disasters due to environmental phenomena or by complex emergencies.
WHO WE ARE
The United Nations (UN) is an international organization founded in 1945. After the Second World War 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights.
PURPOSE OF THE UN
The United Nations has four (4) main purposes:
- To keep peace throughout the world;
- To develop friendly relations among nations;
- To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger; disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms;
- To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.
UN IN GUYANA
In Guyana, the United Nations System has been operating for over 45 years. The UN is headed by the Resident Coordinator (RC), who also serves as the Resident Representative (RR) of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The RC is the designated representative of the UN Secretary-General.
The United Nations Country Team (UNCT) encompasses all the entities of the UN system that carry out operational activities for development. The UNCT ensures inter-agency coordination and decision-making at the country level. The main purpose of the Country Team is for individual agencies to plan and work together to support the development of the Government and people of Guyana.
This agenda is supported via the work of offices, which are located in country and non-resident offices.
- Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
- International Organization for Migration (IOM)
- Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO)
- United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
- United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
- The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS)
- International Labour Organization (ILO) Decent Work Team and Office for the Caribbean - Trinidad
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Regional Office for Central America and the Caribbean in Panama (UNODC ROPAN)
- UN Women Multi - Country Office – Caribbean - Barbados
- United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO) Kingston
Office - Jamaica
- United Nations Information Center for the Caribbean Area (UNIC) – Trinidad and Tobago
WHAT WE DO IN GUYANA
The UN works closely with the Government of Guyana and other partners to fulfill its mandate as outlined in the joint cooperation agreement - United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) - which started in 2012 and will end in 2016. The main outcomes of the UNDAF are:
- Environment and Sustainable Development
- Inclusive Growth
- Inclusive Governance
- Human and Social Development
Who We Are
Established in 1951, IOM is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners.
With 155 member states, a further 11 states holding observer status, and offices in over 100 countries, IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. It does so by providing services and advice to governments and migrants.
What We Do
IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people.
The IOM Constitution recognizes the link between migration and economic, social and cultural development, as well as to the right of freedom of movement.
IOM works in the four broad areas of migration management:
- Migration and development
- Facilitating migration
- Regulating migration
- Forced migration.
IOM activities that cut across these areas include the promotion of international migration law, policy debate and guidance, protection of migrants' rights, migration health and the gender dimension of migration.
More information on the IOM Guyana can be found here.
Rui Olivieira Reis
Rui Olivieira Reis joined the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) in 2000. He was assigned to Georgetown, Guyana as the Chief of Mission in July 2009. Previously Rui Olivieira Reis served as Head of Office in Angola, and Programme Manager and Technical Chief Engineer in East Timor. He has also had Humanitarian and Civil Engineer assignments in Mozambique, Vietnam and East Timor. He has a degree in International Development and Management from Formation BIOFORCE Institute – Development Rhones – Alpes (France).
Although migration is not an MDG, migration can have an important impact on the achievement of the MDGs. For example, migrant remittances are more important than official development aid, and despite the global economic crisis, remain the second largest financial flow to developing countries after foreign direct investment. “Social remittances” – the skills, know-how, networks and other less tangible resources that migrants contribute to their families and communities – also have a direct impact on the prospects of individuals and their extended families in achieving development targets. Therefore, there is a strong case for factoring migration into plans to achieve the MDGs.