The International Labour Organization (ILO) in collaboration with the Ministry of Social Protection, on Friday 15 December, launched a comprehensive study report titled “Skills for Green Jobs Study- Guyana”.
The ‘Skills for Green Jobs Study’ highlights policies, programmes and emerging opportunities in the green economy as Guyana sets its eyes on transitioning into a green economy. The creation of more jobs, better jobs and green jobs is a target for Guyana as laid out in the Guyana Green State Development Strategy.
Prime Minister Moses Nagamootoo during his address explained, “The national budget is key to maintaining stability in the work environment and shows that the State can become an important instrument in maintaining an environment where there is not only availability of opportunities for work, but also can articulate plans for programmes that would bring in new areas of work culture for example, greening the economy - an innovation that hasn’t actually been fully implemented because it has never been properly financed - so that you could have opportunities in non-traditional areas of employment.”
It is estimated that by 2030, some 600 million young people globally will be looking for jobs. Prime Minister Nagamootoo noted, “Traditional jobs may not be sufficient avenues for them. We have to create jobs in new sectors, green jobs, the jobs that accord with the resources of the State. We are rich in forests, we are blessed with sunshine. If we go solar, or use renewable energy we have to train young people to work in the new environment of renewable energy, in agro-processing, in agriculture etc.”
This study was launched in the context of the Guyana Decent Work Country Programme (DWCP), which reflects consensus among Government, workers’ and employers’ organizations regarding Decent Work objectives and results to be pursued over the 2017-21 period. It also recognises the need to build a strong link between the DWCP and the Guyana Green State Development Strategy currently in the making.
Deputy Director of the ILO Decent Work Team and Caribbean Office, Dagmar Walter explained, “One of the corner stones of such a successful transition is the development of adequate skills in the workforce. Right skills for green jobs are the prerequisite to make the transition to a greener economy happen. Today, skills gaps are already recognized as a major bottleneck in a number of sectors, such as renewable energy, energy and resource efficiency, renovation of buildings, construction, environmental services and manufacturing.”
The adoption and dissemination of clean technologies requires skills in technology application, adaptation and maintenance. Skills are also crucial for economies and businesses, workers and entrepreneurs, as well as for livelihoods to rapidly adapt to changes as a consequence of environmental policies or climate change. The bottom line is that skills are a critical factor for productivity, employment growth and development.
The ‘Skills for Green Jobs Study-Guyana’ gives a comprehensive overview of the emerging jobs in the green economy and the skills required by workers and entrepreneurs to take advantage of the new opportunities.
The International Labour Organization, in collaboration with the Ministry of Social Protection, conducted a two-day Training of Trainers seminar on October 4th and 5th which saw twenty-five participants from differing fields of work within the informal work economy.
The intention of the workshop was to build capacities of key stakeholders on Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) in the areas of agriculture, construction, and the services sectors and to finalize the awareness raising material to be used by stakeholders of these sectors in reinforcing OSH capacities of workers.
Delivering remarks at the opening of the session were Gweneth King, OSH Consultant, Ministry of Social Protection; Ariel Pino, Specialist in Social Protection & OSH Office of the Decent Work Team & Caribbean Office, ILO; and Francis Carryl, Industrial Relations Consultant, Ministry of Social Protection.
In developing countries, the informal economy provides a considerable portion of the total employment, which in most cases is linked to poor employment conditions. As a consequence, workers in the informal economy lack protection and are usually exposed to unsafe working conditions and the absence of social benefits. Nonetheless, they make an important contribution to the economic growth of the country.
The Recommendation 204 of the International Labour Organization (ILO) concerning the transition from the informal to the formal economy sets for the adoption of an integrated approach to address the needs of workers and economic units in the informal economy. In doing so, decent work deficits are addressed in a comprehensive and coordinated manner.
One of the key challenges of employers and workers in the informal economy is to implement effective Occupational Safety and Health policies and practices. The consequences of work-related injuries and diseases are quite often catastrophic for the informal economic units, as well for families and communities. To address these challenges, the ILO partnered with the Ministry of Social Protection (MOSP) in the definition and implementation of a campaign to promote OSH in the informal economy.
Photo: Participants in the OSH Training of Trainers and Gweneth King, OSH Consultant, MOSP.
WHO WE ARE
The United Nations (UN) is an international organization founded in 1945. After the Second World War 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights.
PURPOSE OF THE UN
The United Nations has four (4) main purposes:
- To keep peace throughout the world;
- To develop friendly relations among nations;
- To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger; disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms;
- To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.
UN IN GUYANA
In Guyana, the United Nations System has been operating for over 45 years. The UN is headed by the Resident Coordinator (RC), who also serves as the Resident Representative (RR) of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The RC is the designated representative of the UN Secretary-General.
The United Nations Country Team (UNCT) encompasses all the entities of the UN system that carry out operational activities for development. The UNCT ensures inter-agency coordination and decision-making at the country level. The main purpose of the Country Team is for individual agencies to plan and work together to support the development of the Government and people of Guyana.
This agenda is supported via the work of offices, which are located in country and non-resident offices.
- Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
- International Organization for Migration (IOM)
- Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO)
- United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
- United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
- The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS)
- International Labour Organization (ILO) Decent Work Team and Office for the Caribbean - Trinidad
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Regional Office for Central America and the Caribbean in Panama (UNODC ROPAN)
- UN Women Multi - Country Office – Caribbean - Barbados
- United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO) Kingston
Office - Jamaica
- United Nations Information Center for the Caribbean Area (UNIC) – Trinidad and Tobago
WHAT WE DO IN GUYANA
The UN works closely with the Government of Guyana and other partners to fulfill its mandate as outlined in the joint cooperation agreement - United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) - which started in 2012 and will end in 2016. The main outcomes of the UNDAF are:
- Environment and Sustainable Development
- Inclusive Growth
- Inclusive Governance
- Human and Social Development
SUCCESS STORIES, areas of collaboration, labour matters and challenges are some of the issues that dominated the agenda of a meeting between a high-level team from the International Labour Organisation and the local Tripartite Committee.
The meeting, held at the Labour Department's, Brickdam Office, was hosted by Labour Minister, Dr. Nanda K. Gopaul, Human Services Minister, Jennifer Webster and members of the Tripartite Committee, comprising representatives of the trade unions, employers, and other social partners.
Leading the ILO team was Dr. Giovanni di Cola, Director, Decent Work Team and Office for the Caribbean. He was accompanied by Rainer Pritzer, Senior Specialist, Social Dialogue and Labour Administration; Reynold Simons, Senior Specialist, Employment and Labour Market Policies; Paula Robinson, Senior Specialist, Workers Activities; and Anne Knowles, Senior Specialist, Employers Activities.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is the United Nations agency for the world of work. The only tripartite U.N. agency, since 1919 the ILO brings together governments, employers and workers representatives of 187 member States, to set labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes promoting decent work for all women and men.
- The ILO’s Secretariat has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, and a global network of technical experts and field offices in more than 40 countries, including its Decent Work Team and Office for the Caribbean located in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad.
- The International Labour Conference (ILC) meets once a year to adopt new international labour standards and approve the ILO’s work plan and budget.
- The Governing Body is the executive council of the ILO and meets three times a year in Geneva.
How We Work
The unique tripartite structure of the ILO gives an equal voice to workers, employers and governments to ensure that the views of the social partners are closely reflected in labour standards and in shaping policies and programmes.
Mission And Impact
The main aims of the ILO are to promote rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue on work-related issues.
Origins And History
The ILO was founded in 1919, in the wake of a destructive war, to pursue a vision based on the premise that universal, lasting peace can be established only if it is based on social justice. The ILO became the first specialized agency of the UN in 1946.
Promoting Decent Work for all
- Creating jobs – promoting economies that generate opportunities for investment, entrepreneurship, skills development, job creation and sustainable livelihoods.
- Guaranteeing rights at work – obtaining recognition and respect for the rights of workers. All workers, and in particular disadvantaged or poor workers, need representation, participation and laws that protect their rights.
- Extending social protection – ensuring that women and men enjoy working conditions that are safe, allow adequate free time and rest, take into account family and social values, provide for adequate compensation in case of lost or reduced income and permit access to adequate healthcare.
- Promoting social dialogue – strong and independent workers’ and employers’ organizations are central to increasing productivity, avoiding disputes at work and building cohesive societies.
More information on the ILO can be found here.