The Millennium Development Goals in Guyana
- Guyana has made outstanding progress in MDG1, particularly in the area of halving the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
- Guyana is among thirty-eight countries which have met internationally-established targets in the fight against hunger, chalking up successes ahead of the deadline set for 2015. In addition, the country has also met the more stringent World Food Summit (WFS) goal, having reduced by half the absolute number of undernourished people between 1990-92 and 2010-2012.
- The prevalence of undernourishment has reduced from 19.1% between 1990 – 1992 to 5.1% between 2010 and 2012.
- The absolute number of undernourished persons fell from 143,000 to 38,000 over the same time period.
- Malnutrition among children was 11.8 % in 1997 and in 2008, data showed that 6 % of children under 5 experienced mild to moderate malnutrition and less than 1% suffered from severe malnutrition.
- Guyana was identified as one of several countries in the Latin America and Caribbean region to have halved the proportion of hungry people.
- In recognition of this achievement, Guyana was among several other countries which were honoured at a special award ceremony held by FAO in Rome in June of 2013.
- With respect to the poverty, the proportion of persons living in extreme poverty declined from 28.7% in 1993 to 18.6% in 2006. In order to meet the MDG target, the extreme poverty rate must be reduced by 4 percentage points by 2015.
MDG 1 : Achievements
- The four key dimensions of food security are access to food, availability of food, the biological utilisation of food, and the stability of the first three dimensions.
- Food insecurity today is largely a problem of access to the resources or services needed by families to produce, purchase, or otherwise obtain enough nutritious food.
- Agriculture plays a pivotal role in providing access to food. More than 70 percent of the poor live in rural areas and most of them depend directly or indirectly on agriculture for their livelihoods. Raising agricultural productivity is therefore an important element in improving access to food.
- Nutrition is another important aspect of food security not only from undernutrition but also malnutrition. Obesity and the incidence of chronic non communicable diseases, which result from the consumption of processed foods and foods which are low in nutritional content.
- There is also the issue of poverty. Poverty is among the main determinants of hunger and inadequate access to food.
- The achievement of MDG1 has been accomplished by a range of programmes targeting nutrition and food insecurity. Government’s efforts in these areas include the Grow More Food Campaign, the Basic Nutrition Programme and the National School Feeding Programme.
- For its part, FAO has assisted the Government of Guyana to develop a National Food and Nutrition Security Strategy in 2010 and is currently providing technical assistance to implement several components of the strategy, in an effort to reduce hunger and poverty by addressing the root causes of food insecurity and nutrition in Guyana.
- Recognizing that climate change impacts the four key dimensions of food security and the need for agriculture to adapt to significant impacts of climate change, while at the same time providing food for a growing population, FAO has recently assisted the government to develop a National Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Plan for the agricultural sector.
- Other areas of support included improving the livelihoods of rural women through the establishment of poultry facilities.
- Although food availability is not an issue in Guyana, making food accessible to the population, particularly to the hinterland communities, as well as remote rural and urban areas, remains a challenge.
- Inadequate access to food by the poor and vulnerable.
- Unhealthy food choices.